If you wish to strengthen intelligence, it makes good sense to first try to outline what we imply by intelligence. How do you measure it and what exactly is it?
As it occurs, the official reply at this moment is ‘nobody is aware of’. Intelligence is a extremely abstract idea and successfully may not even be a helpful term in any respect.
Table of Contents
Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Among probably the most helpful measures of intelligence is IQ or Intelligence Quotient, which assesses our potential to make use of abstract reasoning and different types of ‘fluid intelligence’ (fluid intelligence being distinct and dynamic from ‘crystalized intelligence’– which totals as much as information). IQ scores are allotted on the premise of nationwide averages.
The drawback with IQ is that it gives a single umbrella for ‘intelligence’ and would not think about the existence of a number of types of intelligence. What for those who’re wonderful at math or otherwise so good at English? What for those who’re incredible with music however lack social abilities?
We perceive that language and math are dealt with by totally different brain areas (language is dealt with by Broca’s Area, amongst different constructions) subsequently it is completely affordable to picture some could also be extra developed than others.
This is usually the case: Einstein was notoriously dyslexic.
This is the place psychologist Gardner’s principle of a number of intelligences are available.
He steered the next ‘elements’ of intelligence:
– Linguistic Intelligence.
– Logic Intelligence.
– Kinesthetic Intelligence.
– Spatial Intelligence.
– Musical Intelligence.
– Interpersonal Intelligence.
– Intrapersonal Intelligence.
Someone could also be ‘intelligent’ in any one in every of these areas however much less so in one other and would nonetheless be thought of intelligent. We name this the ‘modular’ view of intelligence.
Why do we now have musical intelligence and never ‘laptop recreation’ intelligence? It ignores possible connections between the totally different types of intelligence and it ignores the underlying cognitive capabilities which may give rise to particular measurable talents.
It’s a step in the suitable path, however not a complete clarification of intelligence.
Whole Brain Connectivity and Plasticity
It could be pretty logical to imagine that somebody who we would usually think about for being intelligent may carry out higher than common in a number of of those categories.
Genius– which is taken into account to explain a type of additional ‘perception’ and to be distinct from pure mastery– probably comes from the power to use a number of views and a number of schools of thought to a single drawback.
More current analysis exhibits that intelligence is predicted by ‘entire brain connectivity’– the flexibility of the brain to make the most of appreciable quantities of various brain areas directly in a cohesive method. It even seems that connectivity between prefrontal areas might provide a foundation for consciousness.
To be actually intelligent, you’ll want to have better-than-average efficiency in a number of psychological faculties and have better-than-average connectivity between these corresponding brain areas.
Ways to Become More Intelligent
How does this come about? Simple: by brain plasticity.
Brain plasticity describes the power of our brain to develop, change and adapt form? Greater plasticity means larger potential to study. Greater potential to develop particular brain areas and the connectivity between them.
If you may have larger plasticity throughout your growth as a youngster and you might be then given the chance to study by being uncovered to the proper stimuli, then you’ll develop extra areas of your brain and extra connectivity between them.
Intelligence = Adaptability + Opportunity
It’s probably that genetic components may affect larger plasticity in certain people, however higher sleep, larger happiness, exercise, extra focus and curiosity and positively better diet will all contribute too. That’s the way you make a super-smart youngster however for those who’re already a grownup and you’re feeling you might have achieved better, then you need to scrutinize methods to extend your plasticity once more and begin learning!