Schizophrenia is a psychotic illness whose manifestations are diverse. It concerns 1% of the world population. The most common form, paranoid schizophrenia is manifested by the predominance of delusional signs, associated with perception disorders.
Characteristics of PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA
Paranoid schizophrenia is characterized primarily by the presence of delusions and auditory hallucinations. The delusions mainly result in ideas of persecution and greatness. Other delusional themes can be observed, such as jealousy, somatization or religion.
There are several subtypes of schizophrenia. Among the latter is particularly paranoid schizophrenia, also called “paranoid -type schizophrenia“, according to the definition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Among the symptoms most often observed are, in the first place, auditory hallucinations and paranoid delusions. It is precisely these “delusions” that make it possible to differentiate the paranoid form from other sub-categories of the disease. The patient imbued with this paranoia shows fairly clear signs of disturbances in perception: he thinks that the world around him is trying to harm him; this can lead him to harm himself and others.
To be convinced of having “superpowers”, of being “spied on”, “persecuted”
No evidence, no argument can then be able to “disassemble” or destroy the patient’s belief when in this state. Irrational, his delusions can range from feelings of persecution to delusions of grandeur. Head of the psychiatry department of the medico-psychological center at Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, Prof. Pierre-Michel llorca explains: “The patient will be convinced, for example, that God has entrusted him with a mission and given superpowers or be persuaded that the CIA wants to kill him… ”Examples which may give rise to a smile but which, when they concern those around you, are rather alarming.
In addition to delusions, the patient with schizophrenia in his paranoid form may also suffer from auditory hallucinations. The person then hears voices or sounds that they believe to be real even though they do not exist. Voices that can continually criticize or make cruel comments about faults, real or imagined. Voices that can also command people to do things that can be harmful to the patient or to those around him. You should also know that these hallucinations can affect the 4 other human senses: the patient can, for example, see things that he is the only one to see, or even have “strange” sensations on the skin even when nothing is wrong. happens…
“Schizophrenia is ranked among the 10 most disabling diseases by the World Health Organization, in part because it almost completely isolates patients who have it..
A diagnosis made after one month
Schizophrenia is ranked among the 10 most disabling conditions by the World Health Organization, in part because it almost completely isolates patients who have it. The disease most commonly begins in adolescence and can last a lifetime.
“The patient can also adopt a catatonic behavior, that is to say a state of stupor and passivity interspersed with unexpected excitations..
To make a diagnosis, doctors need to observe certain symptoms in the patient over a period of time. For example, the person being monitored must have two or more of the basic symptoms of schizophrenia for at least a month such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized or even inconsistent speech. The patient can also adopt a catatonic behavior, that is to say a state of stupor and passivity interspersed with unexpected arousals; he may also have negative symptoms. These result in the decline of cognitive functions: lack of concentration, poor language, motor behavior disorders etc …
Origin ofPARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA
To this day, the causes remain poorly defined. However, risk factors exist such as:
Genetic factors: these play an important role in assessing the risk of schizophrenia.
Environmental factors: the prevalence of this disease and associated disorders is found to be higher in children growing up in certain ethnic minority groups and in urban areas.
Physiological factors: Among the so-called physiological factors are complications during pregnancy and childbirth, especially hypoxia. A high parental age puts the fetus at a higher risk of schizophrenia. In addition, other harmful prenatal and perinatal situations are singled out, such as maternal diabetes, malnutrition, infections, stress, or other pathologies.
Treating paranoid schizophrenia
Paranoid schizophrenia therefore requires regular and very rigorous treatment. Treatment with neuroleptics helps stabilize the disease and thus ensure a relatively normal life for the patient. The patient’s condition still requires constant monitoring by a doctor, psychiatrist or psychotherapist, as well as drug compliance. Indeed, stopping treatment has been identified as one of the main causes of relapses. Family and friendships also play an important role in the life of a patient with schizophrenia. One of the main difficulties encountered with many but not all schizophrenics is denial of the disease which can sometimes lead to refusal to follow rigorous treatment or hospitalization not understood and therefore poorly received by the patient.
The patient’s condition still requires constant monitoring by a doctor, psychiatrist or psychotherapist, as well as medication compliance..
You should know, in any case, that this is a disease that evolves over the long term. In 2/3 of patients, it will manifest itself chronically in relapses or continuously. But it is 1/3 of patients with whom one observes a real remission of symptoms with a possible and observable social reintegration.