However, most of them are not of sufficient intensity to exceed the resources we have to control them. The phenomenon then does not occur frequently enough to be a source of significant suffering in our life or that of others.
This is a condition for being able to talk about impulse control disorder or impulse control deficiency disorder. Before continuing, there is one crucial term that needs to be defined: impulsiveness.
According to Moller, Barrat, Dougherty, Schmitz and Swann (2001), impulsiveness is a predisposition to perform rapid and unforeseen actions, to internal or external stimuli, without any consideration for possible negative consequences. And this for the impulsive individual as well as for others.
This reaction may be visible or overt (making a phone call). But it can also be hidden from the viewer (imagine a conversation with another person). When the case is mild, the negative consequences are usually not significant enough to be red flags.
However, long-lasting cases can end up causing great pain. The trouble is there, but, due to its lightness, the person or his environment does not act. We then witness a chronification and therefore a greater resistance to a subsequent intervention.
In terms of prevalence, it is higher in males, although the difference appears to be narrowing and varies depending on the disorder. In the rest of this article, discover the main disorders associated with impulse control included in DSM 5.
Table of Contents
Intermittent Explosive Disorder
Rage or anger is the main protagonists of this disorder. The energy of the emotion is completely beyond the person. To get rid of it, the affected person can be aggressive and cause significant damage.
We talk about physical aggression, but also verbal aggression. It can be seen in some abusers, but not all have this disorder. The people concerned have a series of temper tantrums similar to childhood tantrums. Of course, the damage done is quite different, since the strength of an adult cannot be compared to that of a child.
Patients tend to get better when we offer them other outlets for that same energy. Preventive measures can be taken, such as exercise and diet care. It is also possible to provide a means of direct adaptation for times when they feel they are going to lose control, such as downtime.
Types of Impulse Control Disorders …
Kleptomania, an Impulse Control Disorders
Here, theft is the preferred solution for the person to try to calm their anxiety. It is an instrumental behavior acting as a sedative. The purpose of the theft is of no real importance in most cases. The theft is not intended to cover needs.
This disorder is perhaps one of the most well-known disorders to the general public. Many characters suffer from it in the movies or on television. One of the most iconic is without doubt Marie Schrader in Breaking Bad.
This perfectly represents reality. We see the systematic denial of the problem at the same time as we see how the emotion of shame produces energy that is channeled through the threat.
Very often, once they have taken the difficult step of recognizing the problem, people with kleptomania downplay their behavior. They will then claim that what they have taken is just a detail, a worthless item that will not bring anyone down.
She will also say that this theft did her a lot of good, because it allowed her to get rid of her anxiety. And this without harming anyone. The mind is fantastic when it comes to shaping reality for reasons to keep doing what makes us strong.
In this case, it is the release of adrenaline produced by the game that calms the anxiety. Gambling acts like an addiction and is very costly from an economic point of view. A player can win at any given time. But the law of large numbers tells us that in the long run he will always lose out in the end.
The affected players then end up being victims, which affects their relationships. We are talking about a problem that is usually detected when the consequences are significant.
At first it is easy for both the environment and the impulsive player to normalize the activity. These are just small bets. At the first warning signs, the person usually looks for ways to hide their behavior. Thus preventing anyone from getting between him and the game.
The game itself ends up diverting a good deal of his physical and mental energy. The impulsive player spends his spare time thinking about where he is going to play and how he will do it so that no one catches him. He ends up placing more and more hope in the game to get out of the hole he is in. He may thus come to embrace unrealistic ideas.
Among the impulse control disorders, we also findpyromania, trichotillomania, Diogenes syndrome… The three disorders that we have described in this article serve to identify the common lines of this diagnostic category.